Solutions Overview information
Solutions to product stewardship issues can be approached in different ways.  Some hard-to-handle wastes require an investment in infrastructure to effectively collect, sort and manage materials.  Other materials are serviced by producer driven take-back programs to recapture value in products.

Variety of Approaches

  • Voluntary Stewardship: Product stewardship programs initiated by a single product manufacturer, or group of manufacturers
  • Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR): Product stewardship program mandated by legislative action
  • Cradle-to-Cradle Design: Product stewardship built into the manufacturing of products with the least amount of resources and leaving little to no waste as part of the design strategy for end-of-life materials
  • Circular Economy: Keeps resources in use for as long as possible, extracting maximum value during use and recovering end-of-life materials